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Zero turning radius vehicle control mechanism (US 11/984,328)
Inventors: Trevor Albert McCoid, David Edward White. Issued November 15, 2007 in United States
A zero turning radius vehicle is disclosed that has a steering and drive control mechanism that includes a steering wheel and an accelerator pedal. The mechanism includes push-pull rods to effect movement of throttle levers on motors that independently drive traction elements such as wheels or traction belts. The position of each push-pull rod can be controlled by both the steering wheel and the accelerator pedal such that both the wheel and accelerator pedal can control the throttle of each motor independently or proportionally to thereby effect a change in vehicle speed and/or direction of travel.
Nasal air-conditioning during breathing therapy
Published by (Current Respiratory Medicie Reviews)
Authors: White, D.E, Al-Jumaily, A.M., Bertley, J. & Somervell, A.. Published March 31, 2011
It has been reported that continuous positive airway pressure therapy introduces negative nasal side-effects including sneezing, itching, nasal dryness, nasal congestion and/or a runny nose. As these symptoms are suggestive of nasal dysfunction, heated humidification is often used to fully saturate and heat the inhaled air to core body temperature. It is expected that this relieves the nasal mucosa from having to supply, or recover, heat and moisture from inspired and expired air. This review summarizes the current in vitro and in vivo knowledge relevant to nasal air-conditioning, and identifies further investigations necessary to improve our understanding the changes that occur during nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy. Investigations into nasal airway fluid transportation, airflow regulation and heat and fluid supply may lead to a therapy temperature/pressure/humidification algorithm that optimizes these parameters for a prescribed therapy pressure. Optimization could lead to a reduction in titration pressure and improved treatment compliance.
Correlation of nasal morphology to air-conditioning and clearance function
Published by (Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology)
Authors: White, D.E., Al-Jumaily, A.M. & Lu, J.. Published December 12, 2011
Nasal morphology plays an important functional role in the maintenance of upper airway health. Identification of functional regions, based on morphological attributes, assists in correlating location to primary purpose. The effects of morphological variation on heat and water mass transport in congested and patent nasal airways were investigated by examining nasal cross-sectional MRI images from 8 healthy subjects. This research confirms the previous identification of functional air-conditioning regions within the nose. The first is the anterior region where the morphology prevents over-stressing of tissue heat and fluid supply near the nares. The second is the mid region where low flow velocity favours olfaction and particle deposition. The third is the posterior region which demonstrates an increase in heat and water mass flux coefficients to compensate for rising air humidity and temperature. Factors identified within the congested airway that favour enhanced mucocillary clearance were also identified.
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